Walking and cycling statistics: notes and definitions – GOV.UK

This doc currents particulars on the definitions Utilized in strolling and biking statistics and describes The important factor knowledge supplys used To current the strolling and biking statistics launch.

Data supplys

Walking and biking…….

This doc currents particulars on the definitions Utilized in strolling and biking statistics and describes The important factor knowledge supplys used To current the strolling and biking statistics launch.

Data supplys

Walking and biking statistics are estimated by Taking A look at 2 primary knowledge supplys:

  • the Nationwide Journey Survey (NTS)
  • the Lively Lives survey (ALS)

The NTS is a household survey designed To current a rich supply Of information on particular personal travel. It is An factor of a regular survey that started in July 1988, following advert hoc surveys As a Outcome of the mid-Nineteen Sixties. The survey is primarily designed To hint sizey-time period enchancment of trfinishs; subsequently, care Ought to be taken when drawing conclusions from brief-time period modifications.

For extra againground on the NTS, And information on how these statistics are produced please see the statistical launch and againground extreme quality report.

The Lively Lives Survey (ALS) is an annual household push-to-internet survey advertministered by Sport England, an agency of the Dehalfment of Digital, Tradition Media and Sport (DCMS). The primary ALS was carried out between November 2015 and November 2016, and knowledge is revealed biannually. The survey follows the Lively People Survey (APS), which has been discontinued.

For extra againground on the ALS, And information on how these statistics are produced please see The latest revealed reviews and againground extreme quality report.

Each surveys are based mostly on a randomly chosen pattern of households. However, end outcomes from the NTS and ALS Aren’t immediately comparable As a Outcome of of a quantity of methodological variations summarised under:

Desk 1: Differences between NTS and ALS

Time physique coated Calfinishar yr Mid November – Mid November
Survey method Interview with household members; seven-day travel diary (push to telephone in 2020) Push-to-internet survey
Survey end outcomes Based on the seven-day travel diary Based on respondents remembering What quantity of days spent strolling/biking Inside the final the final 28 days
Participant age All ages Aged 16+
2020 Sample measurement 6,239 particular persons Round 178,000 particular persons
Years coated Calfinishar yr, regular survey; permits evaluation of patterns and trfinishs 5 yr’s worth Of information (2015-2016, 2019-2020)
Walking definition Walks of over 50 yards Any regular stroll of A minimal of 10 minutes

Further particulars on variations between The information supplys for strolling and biking and their influence on trfinishs all by way of 2020 Might be found Inside the Impact of the pandemic on strolling and biking report.

What knowledge supply should I exploit?

It is strongly useful To make the most of the NTS when Taking A look at Long time period trfinishs in strolling and biking As a Outcome of it Consists of An extfinished, regular collection Of information. The NTS Furtherly Should be used for comparisons in the direction of fullly different modes of transport, For event buses.

The ALS has A a lot hugeger pattern measurement and so is A greater knowledge supply To make the most of when Taking A look at knowledge On the native authority diploma. The NTS Is merely relevant for Taking A look at knowledge On the national and regional diploma.

Nationwide Journey Survey

Data assortment

NTS knowledge is collected by way of 2 primary stpricegies. Firstly, Nostril to nose interviews are carried out with all members of the household To collect particular personal and household traits, Collectively with information on All of the automobiles to which They’ve entry. Every household member is then requested to doc particulars of all their journeys over a 7-day interval in a travel diary, permitting travel patterns to be linked with particular person traits.

Due to COVID-19 pandemic, The two020 NTS survey has madverte use Of two methodologies, The regular NTS face-to-face (F2F) method was used Initially of the yr, however this face-to-face interviewing was paused on 18 March, aheadvert of The complete authorities lockdown. Fieldwork was resumed from Might onwards using push-to-telephone (P2T) methodology.

Solely households classed as ‘absolutely co-working’ are included Inside the response calculations. A national response price of 16 to 18% was achieved in 2020.

Sample measurement

During 2020, 2,822 households in England halficipated absolutely Inside the survey by offering information by way of interview and ending a seven-day travel diary. An advertditional 237 households halficipated Inside the interviews however Did not all full a diary. Although these situations Can’t be used for journey-diploma evaluation, their knowledge is included in all evaluation at household, particular person and car diploma. This compares To six,162 households who halficipated absolutely in 2019.

Due to modifications Inside the methodology Of information assortment, modifications in travel behaviour and A discount Of information collected all by way of 2020, In consequence of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, care Ought to be taken when deciphering this knowledge and evaluating to fullly different yrs, As a Outcome of of the small pattern measurements. For further particulars, please see the againground extreme quality report.

Diary pattern

Analysis of travel knowledge for strolling and biking is primarily based mostly on the diary pattern. This includes all ‘absolutely coworking households’, outlined as households for which The subsequent information Is out there:

  • a household interview (or telephone interview for 2020)
  • A particular person interview For every household member
  • a seven-day travel diary For every particular person
  • the place relevant, A minimal Of 1 fulld car part

Weights have been produced To regulate for non-response, And in advertdition for drop-of in docing noticed Through the seven-day travel week.

Points of consideration: Nationwide Journey Survey

Cycling estimates

Due to low prevalence of biking, the Number Of people Inside the NTS pattern that cycle is small. The figures currentd on biking Ought to be interpreted with warning, particularly when analyzing trfinishs.

Walking estimates

Tradvertitionally, Inside the NTS, brief strolls (strolls of Greater than 50 yards And fewer than 1 mile) have been only doced on the seventh day of the travel diary and weighted to account for underreporting. Since 2017, a methodological enchancment was madverte to doc brief strolls on day Definitely one of many diary for The complete pattern. Figures for 2002 to 2015 have Even been reweighted based mostly on The mannequin new methodology.

More information on the weighting of brief strolls Is out there Inside the Nationwide Journey Survey technical report.

Lively Lives Survey

Data assortment

The ALS is a mixed-mode (push-to-internet) survey involving on-line (desktop, Laptop Pc, capsule or smart telephone) and paper stpricegies for these households that both Do not have internet entry or choose To finish the survey This method. Data assortment is carried out by Ipsos MORI.

The survey:

  • includes people aged 16 and over (14 and 15-yr olds do typically Take part however are excluded from the evaluation).
  • runs from mid-November to mid-November.
  • interviews in each native authority are unfold over the 12-month interval to primarytain away from seasonal bias.

A letter Is shipped to a household, chosen from the Royal Mail’s Postal Tackle File inviting As a lot as 2 people per household To halficipate Inside the survey.

For this survey (November 2019 to November 2020), The complete pattern measurement was 177,735 people. For almost all of the native authorities, the goal Number of fulld questionnaires was 500 returns. For The two smallest native authorities (Metropolis of London and Isles of Scilly) the goal was lowered to 250.

More detailed Details Regarding The information assortment methodology Might be found Inside the ALS technical notice.

Data weighting

Weighting is required To Scale again the bias in survey estimates. Data have been weighted to Office for Nationwide Statistics (ONS) inhabitants measures for geography and key demographics. The pattern measurements quoted in table CW0306 are weighted pattern measurements.

Points of consideration: Lively Lives Survey

The Isles of Scilly and Metropolis of London

The goal pattern measurements for the Isles and Scilly and The city of London are around 250. These are smaller than for fullly different spaces and subsequently end outcomes for these spaces Might be not statistically strong, which is mirrored Inside The broadverter confidence intervals given. The untypically small inhabitantss of Isles of Scilly and Metropolis of London also imply that They do not Appear to be immediately comparable with fullly different authorities. Therefore, warning Is required when deciphering The outcomes for these 2 spaces.


Confidence Intervals

The proportions for strolling and biking halficipation are estimated from recurrentative patterns of inhabitants of England and as such, They might be not Precisely the identical As a Outcome of the true proportion current Inside the inhabitants. If A particular pattern have been drawn from the inhabitants, the Outcome obtained would differ barely, As a Outcome of of sampling varicapability.

Confidence interval half widths are launched Inside The information tables to demonstprice the statistical relicapability of The outcomes. These Might be advertded to, and subtracted from, the estimate To current a 95% confidence interval – That is, if The identical measurementd pattern have been to be drawn repeatedly from the inhabitants, We’d anticipate the Outcome to lie Contained in the vanity interval 95% of the time, or 19 events out Of each 20. They have been calculated using the complicated survey package deal in SPSS, which takes account of design end outcomes.

Significance testing

Significance checks level out that if repeated patterns have been taken, 95% of the time We’d get comparable findings. We Might be assured thOn the variations seen in our patternd respondents are reflective of the inhabitants. When pattern measurements are smaller, confidence intervals are huger, which implys variations between estimates Want to be greater to be thought-about statistically vital.

In tables CW0302 and CW0303, We now have in contrast the proportion of advertults that stroll or cycle A minimal of as quickly as Every week to decide whether or not There was a statistically vital change Inside the underlying strolling or biking price. Where a statistically vital change has not been recognized, This implys that it is extra probably thOn the distinction Inside the noticed strolling or biking price Is simply because of random variation Inside the patterns, pretty than A exact change Inside the underlying price.

If a Result’s statistically vital then we Might be assured thOn the distinction seen in these patternd are reflective of the inhabitants.

Definitions from knowledge supplys


NTS – all cycles Which happen on The general public extrememethod (any public roadvert, road or path out there to The general public by a public proper of method)

ALS – cycle rides of any size for leisure, or for travel. Consists of some leisure Kinds of biking Similar to mountain biking, monitor biking, and cyclo-cross. Excludes practice bikes and biking indoors.


NTS – strolls over 50 yards on The general public extrememethod

ALS – any regular stroll of A minimal of 10 minutes. Consists of strolling for leisure, for travel, rambling or Nordic strolling. Excludes mountaineering, mountain/hill strolling, and strolling around retailers.


Based on the Equalities Act 2010, the definition of incapacity An particular person in both supplys Is taken Beneath consideration to have a incapacity In the event that they report any bodily or psychological well being situation or sickness that finals or Is predicted to final 12 months or extra, and which limits their capability To primarytain out day-to-day actions

Rural or Urban

2011 Rural-Urban Classifications and An proof of how They’re outlined Is out there from DEFRA

NTS definitions


A one-method course of travel with a single primary objective. A “biking journey” is one the place The Higher half was cycled.’ Note that outward and return journeys are dealt with as two sepaprice journeys. Further, A go to can only have one objective, and so a journey involving a mid-method change of objective is Chop up into two journeys (Aside from minor secondary features, For event, stopping To buy a newspaper).


Trips Include A Number of levels. A mannequin new stage is outlined when There is a change Inside the mode of transport or when There is a change Of auto requiring a sepaprice ticket.

Main mode of travel

The primary mode of A go to is that used for the sizeyest stage of the journey by distance. With levels of equal size, the mode of The latest stage is used.

Distance travelled

This Refers again to the exact distance coated by a respondent pretty than The space ‘As a Outcome of the crow flies’.

Short stroll

Walks sizeyer than 50 yards (Round 46 metres or half a soccer area) however Decrease than 1 mile. Short strolls are doced on first day of travel diary only (To Scale again burden) After which multiplied by seven.

For extra definitions used Inside the NTS, please see the notices and definitions doc.

Lively Lives Survey definitions

Area of residence

Activities are grouped in accordance to the place respondents stay, pretty than the place the exercise Occurred. Accordingly, actions Ought to be interpreted with warning (particularly in huge city spaces the place native authorities cowl A comparatively small space) As a Outcome of these places Might Even be fullly different.

Frequency of biking and strolling

The Number of days Prior to now 4 weeks (28 days) that An particular person carried out a strolling or biking exercise. Interpreted as follows:

  • At least as quickly as Per thirty days = A minimal of 1/28 days
  • At least as quickly as per week = A minimal of 4/28 days
  • At least 3 events per week = A minimal of 12/28 days
  • At least 5 events per week = A minimal Of two0/28 days

Purpose (leisure)

Walking or biking for The purpose of recreation, well being, rivals, or teaching.

Purpose (travel)

Walking or biking to get To place-to-place, For event, commuting, go toing a frifinish, going to the Food market.

Time typically spent strolling and biking

Time “typically” spent strolling or biking is The complete time somephysique Most typically strolls or cycles Every day pretty than The typical time they spent strolling or biking throughout days.

Background information

Further Details Regarding these statistics Is out there, together with:

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Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/walking-and-cycling-statistics-notes-and-definitions/walking-and-cycling-statistics-notes-and-definitions

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